What will my child be doing during his tutoring session?

The time will be divided roughly into 3 - 4 major areas as the foundation.

Movement skills

Generally the development of movement skills is learned from a large to fine motor sequence. Many children who struggle academically also have poor motor skill development. In the session your child will experience movement activities so that they develop a strong foundation on which to build.

Eye Movement skills

Developing eye movement skills, like tracking a ball or having accurate eye jumps across the page for reading, is dependent on the the above mentioned large movement skills. The integration of eye movement and body movement skills builds the foundation for learning and excelling in sports. Good eye movement skills are critical for building visual perception and higher thinking and processing skills.

Visual Perceptual skills

Please see the related link to learn more in detail about these skills.

Hand Eye Coordination and handwriting skills

Writing neatly on paper is a fine motor activity which requires good eye hand coordination and good fine motor skills. These activities will be worked into the sessions as we progress from the large motor activities to control of the finer muscles.

Is attendance important?

Vision Fundamentals is structured so that one skill builds on another so attendance is very important. Vision is a learned skill and the activities will build on the skills learned the previous weeks. That is one reason an individualized approach is needed as children will vary in which skills they need help with and how quickly they proceed through the levels.

Will my child have homework?

Yes. In order to get the most out of the session I will send home activities that reinforce what we worked on in class. Vision is a learned skill and like learning anything new these skills need to be practiced so that they become easy and automatic.
I know how busy your day can be so will try and send home fun activities (not homework as we usually think of it.)that you can fit into your daily schedule. The more time and effort you put into the class the faster you will see results.

What kind of movement activities do you do?

We will do activities that will allow me to assess if your child has any trouble with balance and coordination. These are the basic skills needed so that your child can be at ease and can sit still long enough to learn. I will check how well your child can move, catch bean bags, in general just be a kid.

Do you help children with letter reversals?

Yes. Vision is learned through a developmental sequence of movement and processing skills. As our first step we will work on balance which is necessary for the child to support himself and to move skillfully around his own center of gravity so he is free to concentrate on tasks outside himself.

Without a clear internal sense of balance he will lose the zero center of gravity within his body. As he loses the "center" he will shift to find it. This constant internal shifting causes him to often become restless, easily distracted and fatigued.

Our next step would be to help your child learn her own right and left which is called laterality. We will do fun activities to help your child integrate the two sides so they work in harmony and coordination. Laterality confusion at the motor level can lead to left right confusion at the higher perceptual level of learning. Laterality requires good balance and an awareness of a body midline, an invisible line that divides your body in half.

If you do not know the two sides of your body (right and left) how can you know what to call the two sides of a room. We always learn to judge where things are by first learning how it relate it to ourselves. When you start applying left-right concepts to your external visual space, you are beginning to learn directionality.

Directionality incorporates up, down, in front, behind, left and right and projecting these concepts into space. Remember, a person must understand these concepts first as they relate to themselves before they can apply them to other things.

Directionality is very important to decoding letters. If you don't understand this concept learning to read can be very confusing. The letters b and d and p and q all look like the same symbol if you don't have the concept of orientation. Efficient eye movement skills are essential in developing good directionality skills as well. How we scan a letter is important when coding it to the brain.

We will go through a sequence of fun activities to make sure these areas are totally understood by your child and become automatic.

Will you help my child with bilateral integration?

Bilateral integration is the ability to effectively use both sides of the body separately (like typing) and / or simultaneously (like riding a bike).

We will perform bilateral integration games in order to integrate the top, bottom and both sides of the body in a coordinated manner. The overall integration of the entire body is intimately related to the coordination and integration of the 2 eyes. This skill cannot be developed fully unless laterality is learned well too. If you don't have the concept of the difference between both sides of the body,it is very difficult to learn how to coordinate them.

With proper development the left and right side should begin to enhance each other's function. For example, the left hand may stabilize a piece of paper while the right hand draws.